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Can Wisdom Teeth Cause Gum Disease?

Posted on 2/15/2024 by Amir Hosseini, DDS
Diagram of a healthy tooth versus a tooth with periodontitis.If you have either impacted or partially erupting wisdom teeth, they may lead to gum disease. The association between wisdom teeth and gum disease is the reason why maintaining adequate oral hygiene around these teeth should be vital.

Wisdom Tooth Impacts

A wisdom tooth may have partially or completely come out from the gums. A partial eruption causes food particles and germs to become wedged in the flap of gum tissue near the tooth, which can result in inflammation and infection.

Problems with Cleaning

Cleaning between the wisdom teeth in the rear of the mouth can be difficult. Inefficient cleaning may cause plaque and bacteria accumulation, which is the reason for gum disease.

Illness and Redness

The tissue swelling surrounding a wisdom tooth is called pericoronitis when the gums become filled with germs and plaque. After this, if not properly managed, it can escalate to a severe gum disease that destroys the bone supporting the teeth and the gums.

Forming Cysts

Around the wisdom teeth, cysts (sacs filled with fluid) can develop from time to time. The jaw, teeth, and nerves are all vulnerable to these cysts.

Health Promotion and Medical Care

Primary dental care is critical, mainly if your wisdom teeth have only partially erupted. To maintain good oral hygiene, brush your teeth twice daily, floss daily, and use an antimicrobial mouthwash.

Medical Examinations

Seeing the dentist regularly helps catch difficulties with wisdom teeth in their early stages before progressing to more significant complications like gum disease. Wisdom teeth extraction is the gold standard for preventing gum disease and other issues, especially when the teeth are impacted or otherwise problematic.

Issues like impaction and difficulties cleaning around wisdom teeth might raise the risk of gum disease, even though the teeth themselves do not cause it. When you have wisdom teeth, proactive treatment and close monitoring by our experienced dentist are essential for keeping your oral health in check.

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